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Posts Tagged ‘health’

CommonwelathgamesCommonwealth Games organisers have produced a Glasgow 2014 Factsheet that outlines the history of the event, information on the participating countries and the venues for each event. There is also a Game On Scotland site that “aims to provide inspiration and learning and teaching opportunities related to Glasgow 2014 and other momentous events happening throughout Scotland in the coming years”.

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bikram-poseWhile all are agreed that physical activity and exercise are beneficial for health there is less consensus surrounding the length and duration this activity should take. The science journalist Catherine de Lange casts a critical eye over the pros and cons of some recent developments in this field. Whether it is the relatively leisurely jog or the more intense Tabata workouts, the mysteries of spinning classes or the enigma of Bikram Yoga, de Lange consults the various sports scientists to help throw some light on the heat generated.

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mouthIt would appear that there is more than meets the eye in a winning smile. Dentists have found “striking” levels of bad teeth in athletes competing at the London 2012 Olympic Games. A fifth of athletes surveyed said their oral health actually damaged their training and performance. One in three said their oral health affected their quality of life and one in five said it affected training or athletic performance.
The report concluded that the oral health of athletes attending the dental clinic of the London 2012 Games was poor with a resulting substantial negative impact on well-being, training and performance. As oral health is an important element of overall health and well-being, health promotion and disease prevention interventions are urgently required to optimise athletic performance.

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120px-Ifosfamide-3D-spacefillIn the decade since the sequencing of the human genome, there has been a steadily increasing flow of knowledge about the detailed molecular landscape of cancer, and this is now moving from research into clinical practice. The falling price of molecular analysis, in particular sequencing of DNA, is allowing us to routinely interrogate cancer tissues at a level of detail that was hard to imagine at the beginning of this century, and this in turn is posing challenges for the way we conduct clinical trials. It seems likely that our old models, which served well at a time when cancers were classified by their tissue of origin, will progressively give way to both a new taxonomy and new ways of determining the value of therapies for the entities that we define.

Peter Johnson, Chief Clinician at Cancer Research UK, provides insight into molecular stratification and the changing face of cancer trials…

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1300060409_177086993_1-Pictures-of--FREE-Exercise-and-Nutrition-TipsExercise is Medicine Month is a time for everyone to recognize, emphasize and celebrate the valuable health benefits of exercise on a national scale. Exercise and physical activity are important to health and the prevention and treatment of many chronic diseases.

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childhood obesityNeuroscientists from the University of East Anglia (UEA) have made a discovery that could pave the way for the rewiring of appetite control. The researchers, whose work has been published in the Journal of Neuroscience, believe that their findings could facilitate the development of long-lasting solutions to eating disorders such as obesity.
The Journal of Neuroscience can be accessed via our SFX system.

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An outbreak of the hospital superbug MRSA has been brought to an end by UK doctors cracking the bacterium’s genetic code. The original research article appeared in the Lancet Infectious Diseases, which is available full-text from Science Direct. Access Science Direct via the A-Z of databases, or use the SFX system to locate the journal.

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